Milestones of the Czech-Ukrainian history of Intermarium

In 998, the ambassadors of the Czech Prince Oldřich stayed in Kyiv.

Czech Malfrida was married to Volodymyr Sviatoslavovych, Grand Kniaz of Kyiv, and they had a son Sviatoslav. Sviatoslav was given the Turiv principality. In his early years, Volodymyr the Great was also supposedly married either to Varangian, or to Czech woman named Olava or Allogia.

In the 14th and 15th centuries, there was a special panel for Ruthenian students from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania at Charles University in Prague.

One of the first examples of Ukrainian folklore is «Song about Stefan the Voivode»: it was written in the grammar book by Czech Jan Blagoslov (1571).

One of the Czech and Bohemian aristocratic families, the House of Zierotin, considered themselves to be the Rurikids and the descendants of the Grand Kyiv Kniaz Sviatoslav the Brave, namely, descendants of Oleg, the son of Sviatoslav. This legend has a real basis, because the Kniaz of Turiv, Oleg, was married to a Czech wife Olava. His descendants might have returned after their father’s death to the homeland of their mother and gained a privileged position there, founding their own aristocratic dynasty.

From 1471 to 1526, the kings of Bohemia were heirs of the Lithuanian-Ruthenian dynasty of Jagiellonians ruling in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Kingdom of Poland and the Kingdom of Hungary. Bohemia, accordingly, was ruled by Kings Vladislaus II Jagiellon and Louis II Jagiellon.

Louis II Jagiellon died in the Battle of Mohács on August 29, 1526, when he headed a Christian army against the Ottoman Empire. Many Czech soldiers from the Kingdom of Bohemia gathered under the gonfalons of the king.

The family of General Secretary of Hetman Ivan Mazepa also had the Czech roots as well as his successor in the post of Hetman of the Zaporozhian Army Pylyp Orlyk, who became co-creator of the first Ukrainian Сonstitution in 1710 (Pacts and Constitutions of the rights and freedoms of the Zaporozhian Host).

At the Slavic congress in Prague in 1848, the Russian (Ukrainian) delegation was supported by the Czechs on the question of the right to national self-determination in the Polish-Ukrainian Commission during the consideration of Galicia question.

The first complete (uncensored) edition of the «Kobzar» (1876) by Ukrainian national poet and icon Taras Shevchenko was published in Prague.

In 1920, the Ukrainian Transcarpathians, taking into account the military defeat of the Ukrainian People’s Republic and the West Ukrainian People’s Republic in the fight against the Poles, as well as the Reds and White Guard Russians, decided to join the Czechoslovak Republic on the terms of autonomy (although the autonomy was provided only in 1938 under the pressure of the Germans). However, Ukrainian public life in the Czechoslovak Republic was under the slightest pressure in comparison with Poland or the USSR. It resulted in foundation of the Carpathian Ukraine in 1938.

In 1922, in the Czech city of Poděbrady, the Ukrainian Academy of Economics was established with the financial assistance of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Czechoslovakia. The Academy became the center of attraction for the Ukrainian community and interned UNR soldiers in Czechoslovakia. In particular, the graduate of the Academia was Mykola Stsiborsky, Lieutenant Colonel, the founder of the LUN (League of Ukrainian Nationalists) and the OUN (Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists). The Academy had been functioning until 1935. The academic and cultural life of the Ukrainians of Czechoslovakia arose around the academy.

On May 16, 1922, the first curriculum of the Ukrainian Academy of Economics was approved by the Ministry of Education of the Czechoslovak Republic, so this day can be considered as the day of its foundation. A large number of Ukrainian nationalists from different organizations received education at UAЕ.

In Prague in 1925, the Legion of Ukrainian Nationalists was formed under the leadership of Mykola Stsiborsky, Lieutenant Colonel of the Army of the Ukrainian People’s Republic. This organization became a co-founder of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists. Mykola Stsiborsky was its main ideologist and the second person after Yevhen Konovalets, the OUN Leader.

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